Linux-Praxisbuch/ Konfigurationsdateien unter Linux/ services

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Network services, Internet style[Bearbeiten]

#
# Note that it is presently the policy of IANA to assign a single well-known
# port number for both TCP and UDP; hence, officially ports have two entries
# even if the protocol doesn't support UDP operations.
#
# Updated from http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers and other
# sources like http://www.freebsd.org/cgi/cvsweb.cgi/src/etc/services .
# New ports will be added on request if they have been officially assigned
# by IANA and used in the real-world or are needed by a debian package.
# If you need a huge list of used numbers please install the nmap package.}}

tcpmux		1/tcp						# TCP port service multiplexer
echo		7/tcp
echo		7/udp
discard		9/tcp		sink null
discard		9/udp		sink null
systat		11/tcp		users
daytime		13/tcp
daytime		13/udp
netstat		15/tcp
qotd		17/tcp		quote
msp		18/tcp						# message send protocol
msp		18/udp
chargen		19/tcp		ttytst source
chargen		19/udp		ttytst source
ftp-data	20/tcp
ftp		21/tcp
fsp		21/udp		fspd
ssh		22/tcp						# SSH Remote Login Protocol
ssh		22/udp
telnet		23/tcp
smtp		25/tcp		mail
time		37/tcp		timserver
time		37/udp		timserver
rlp		39/udp		resource			# resource location
nameserver	42/tcp		name				# IEN 116
whois		43/tcp		nicname
tacacs		49/tcp						# Login Host Protocol (TACACS)
tacacs		49/udp
re-mail-ck	50/tcp						# Remote Mail Checking Protocol
re-mail-ck	50/udp
domain		53/tcp		nameserver			# name-domain server
domain		53/udp		nameserver
mtp		57/tcp						# deprecated
tacacs-ds	65/tcp						# TACACS-Database Service
tacacs-ds	65/udp
bootps		67/tcp						# BOOTP server
bootps		67/udp
bootpc		68/tcp						# BOOTP client
bootpc		68/udp
tftp		69/udp
gopher		70/tcp						# Internet Gopher
gopher		70/udp
rje		77/tcp		netrjs
finger		79/tcp
www		80/tcp		http				# WorldWideWeb HTTP
www		80/udp						# HyperText Transfer Protocol
link		87/tcp		ttylink
kerberos	88/tcp		kerberos5 krb5 kerberos-sec	# Kerberos v5
kerberos	88/udp		kerberos5 krb5 kerberos-sec	# Kerberos v5
supdup		95/tcp
hostnames	101/tcp		hostname			# usually from sri-nic
iso-tsap	102/tcp		tsap				# part of ISODE
acr-nema	104/tcp		dicom				# Digital Imag. & Comm. 300
acr-nema	104/udp		dicom				# Digital Imag. & Comm. 300
csnet-ns	105/tcp		cso-ns				# also used by CSO name server
csnet-ns	105/udp		cso-ns
rtelnet		107/tcp						# Remote Telnet
rtelnet		107/udp
pop2		109/tcp		postoffice pop-2   # POP version 2
pop2		109/udp		pop-2
pop3		110/tcp		pop-3				# POP version 3
pop3		110/udp		pop-3
sunrpc		111/tcp		portmapper			# RPC 4.0 portmapper
sunrpc		111/udp		portmapper
auth		113/tcp		authentication tap ident
sftp		115/tcp
uucp-path	117/tcp
nntp		119/tcp		readnews untp			# USENET News Transfer Protocol
ntp		123/tcp
ntp		123/udp						# Network Time Protocol
pwdgen		129/tcp						# PWDGEN service
pwdgen		129/udp						# PWDGEN service
loc-srv		135/tcp		epmap				# Location Service
loc-srv		135/udp		epmap
netbios-ns	137/tcp						# NETBIOS Name Service
netbios-ns	137/udp
netbios-dgm	138/tcp						# NETBIOS Datagram Service
netbios-dgm	138/udp
netbios-ssn	139/tcp						# NETBIOS session service
netbios-ssn	139/udp
imap2		143/tcp		imap				# Interim Mail Access P 2 and 4
imap2		143/udp		imap
snmp		161/tcp						# Simple Net Mgmt Protocol
snmp		161/udp						# Simple Net Mgmt Protocol
snmp-trap	162/tcp		snmptrap			# Traps for SNMP
snmp-trap	162/udp		snmptrap			# Traps for SNMP
cmip-man	163/tcp						# ISO mgmt over IP (CMOT)
cmip-man	163/udp
cmip-agent	164/tcp
cmip-agent	164/udp
mailq		174/tcp						# Mailer transport queue for Zmailer
mailq		174/udp						# Mailer transport queue for Zmailer
xdmcp		177/tcp						# X Display Mgr. Control Proto
xdmcp		177/udp
nextstep	178/tcp		NeXTStep NextStep		# NeXTStep window
nextstep	178/udp		NeXTStep NextStep		#  server
bgp		179/tcp						# Border Gateway Protocol
bgp		179/udp
prospero	191/tcp						# Cliff Neuman's Prospero
prospero	191/udp
irc		194/tcp						# Internet Relay Chat
irc		194/udp
smux		199/tcp						# SNMP Unix Multiplexer
smux		199/udp
at-rtmp		201/tcp						# AppleTalk routing
at-rtmp		201/udp
at-nbp		202/tcp						# AppleTalk name binding
at-nbp		202/udp
at-echo		204/tcp						# AppleTalk echo
at-echo		204/udp
at-zis		206/tcp						# AppleTalk zone information
at-zis		206/udp
qmtp		209/tcp						# Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
qmtp		209/udp						# Quick Mail Transfer Protocol
z3950		210/tcp		wais				# NISO Z39.50 database
z3950		210/udp		wais
ipx		213/tcp						# IPX
ipx		213/udp
imap3		220/tcp						# Interactive Mail Access
imap3		220/udp						# Protocol v3
pawserv		345/tcp						# Perf Analysis Workbench
pawserv		345/udp
zserv		346/tcp						# Zebra server
zserv		346/udp
fatserv		347/tcp						# Fatmen Server
fatserv		347/udp
rpc2portmap	369/tcp
rpc2portmap	369/udp						# Coda portmapper
codaauth2	370/tcp
codaauth2	370/udp						# Coda authentication server
clearcase	371/tcp		Clearcase
clearcase	371/udp		Clearcase
ulistserv	372/tcp						# UNIX Listserv
ulistserv	372/udp
ldap		389/tcp						# Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
ldap		389/udp
imsp		406/tcp						# Interactive Mail Support Protocol
imsp		406/udp
https		443/tcp						# http protocol over TLS/SSL
https		443/udp
snpp		444/tcp						# Simple Network Paging Protocol
snpp		444/udp 
microsoft-ds	445/tcp						# Microsoft Naked CIFS
microsoft-ds	445/udp
saft		487/tcp						# Simple Asynchronous File Transfer
saft		487/udp
isakmp		500/tcp						# IPsec - Internet Security Association
isakmp		500/udp						#  and Key Management Protocol
rtsp		554/tcp						# Real Time Stream Control Protocol
rtsp		554/udp						# Real Time Stream Control Protocol
nqs		607/tcp						# Network Queuing system
nqs		607/udp
npmp-local	610/tcp		dqs313_qmaster			# npmp-local / DQS
npmp-local	610/udp		dqs313_qmaster
npmp-gui	611/tcp		dqs313_execd			# npmp-gui / DQS
npmp-gui	611/udp		dqs313_execd
hmmp-ind	612/tcp		dqs313_intercell		# HMMP Indication / DQS
hmmp-ind	612/udp		dqs313_intercell
ipp		631/tcp						# Internet Printing Protocol
ipp		631/udp

UNIX specific services[Bearbeiten]

exec		512/tcp
biff		512/udp		comsat
login		513/tcp
who		513/udp		whod
shell		514/tcp		cmd				# no passwords used
syslog		514/udp
printer		515/tcp		spooler				# line printer spooler
talk		517/udp
ntalk		518/udp
route		520/udp		router routed			# RIP
timed		525/udp		timeserver
tempo		526/tcp		newdate
courier		530/tcp		rpc
conference	531/tcp		chat
netnews		532/tcp		readnews
netwall		533/udp						# for emergency broadcasts
gdomap		538/tcp						# GNUstep distributed objects
gdomap		538/udp
uucp		540/tcp		uucpd				# uucp daemon
uucico		540/tcp		uucico				# uucico -l for /etc/uucp/passwd usage
klogin		543/tcp						# Kerberized `rlogin' (v5)
kshell		544/tcp		krcmd				# Kerberized `rsh' (v5)
afpovertcp	548/tcp						# AFP over TCP
afpovertcp	548/udp
remotefs	556/tcp		rfs_server rfs			# Brunhoff remote filesystem
nntps		563/tcp		snntp				# NNTP over SSL
nntps		563/udp		snntp
submission	587/tcp						# Submission [RFC2476]
submission	587/udp
ldaps		636/tcp						# LDAP over SSL
ldaps		636/udp
tinc		655/tcp						# tinc control port
tinc		655/udp
silc		706/tcp
silc		706/udp
kerberos-adm	749/tcp						# Kerberos `kadmin' (v5)
#
webster		765/tcp						# Network dictionary
webster		765/udp
rsync		873/tcp
rsync		873/udp
ftps-data	989/tcp						# FTP over SSL (data)
ftps		990/tcp
telnets		992/tcp						# Telnet over SSL
telnets		992/udp
imaps		993/tcp						# IMAP over SSL
imaps		993/udp
ircs		994/tcp						# IRC over SSL
ircs		994/udp
pop3s		995/tcp						# POP-3 over SSL
pop3s		995/udp

Assigned Numbers[Bearbeiten]

##
#> The Registered Ports are not controlled by the IANA and on most systems
#> can be used by ordinary user processes or programs executed by ordinary
#> users.
#
#> Ports are used in the TCP [45,106] to name the ends of logical
#> connections which carry long term conversations.  For the purpose of
#> providing services to unknown callers, a service contact port is
#> defined.  This list specifies the port used by the server process as its
#> contact port.  While the IANA can not control uses of these ports it
#> does register or list uses of these ports as a convienence to the 
#> community.
#
socks		1080/tcp					# socks proxy server
socks		1080/udp
proofd		1093/tcp
proofd		1093/udp
rootd		1094/tcp
rootd		1094/udp
openvpn		1194/tcp
openvpn		1194/udp
rmiregistry	1099/tcp					# Java RMI Registry
rmiregistry	1099/udp
kazaa		1214/tcp
kazaa		1214/udp
nessus		1241/tcp					# Nessus vulnerability
nessus		1241/udp					#  assessment scanner
lotusnote	1352/tcp	lotusnotes			# Lotus Note
lotusnote	1352/udp	lotusnotes 
ms-sql-s	1433/tcp					# Microsoft SQL Server
ms-sql-s	1433/udp
ms-sql-m	1434/tcp					# Microsoft SQL Monitor
ms-sql-m	1434/udp
ingreslock	1524/tcp
ingreslock	1524/udp
prospero-np	1525/tcp					# Prospero non-privileged
prospero-np	1525/udp
datametrics	1645/tcp	old-radius
datametrics	1645/udp	old-radius
sa-msg-port	1646/tcp	old-radacct
sa-msg-port	1646/udp	old-radacct
kermit		1649/tcp
kermit		1649/udp
l2f		1701/tcp	l2tp
l2f		1701/udp	l2tp
radius		1812/tcp
radius		1812/udp
radius-acct	1813/tcp	radacct				# Radius Accounting
radius-acct	1813/udp	radacct
unix-status	1957/tcp					# remstats unix-status server
log-server	1958/tcp					# remstats log server
remoteping	1959/tcp					# remstats remoteping server
rtcm-sc104	2101/tcp					# RTCM SC-104 IANA 1/29/99
rtcm-sc104	2101/udp
cvspserver	2401/tcp					# CVS client/server operations
cvspserver	2401/udp
venus		2430/tcp					# codacon port
venus		2430/udp					# Venus callback/wbc interface
venus-se	2431/tcp					# tcp side effects
venus-se	2431/udp					# udp sftp side effect
codasrv		2432/tcp					# not used
codasrv		2432/udp					# server port
codasrv-se	2433/tcp					# tcp side effects
codasrv-se	2433/udp					# udp sftp side effect
mon		2583/tcp					# MON
mon		2583/udp
dict		2628/tcp					# Dictionary server
dict		2628/udp
gpsd		2947/tcp
gpsd		2947/udp
gds_db		3050/tcp					# InterBase server
gds_db		3050/udp
icpv2		3130/tcp	icp				# Internet Cache Protocol
icpv2		3130/udp	icp
mysql		3306/tcp
mysql		3306/udp
nut		3493/tcp					# Network UPS Tools
nut		3493/udp
distcc		3632/tcp					# distributed compiler
distcc		3632/udp
daap		3689/tcp					# Digital Audio Access Protocol
daap		3689/udp
svn		3690/tcp	subversion			# Subversion protocol
svn		3690/udp	subversion
iax		4569/tcp					# Inter-Asterisk eXchange
iax		4569/udp
radmin-port	4899/tcp					# RAdmin Port
radmin-port	4899/udp
rfe		5002/udp					# Radio Free Ethernet
rfe		5002/tcp
sip		5060/tcp					# Session Initiation Protocol
sip		5060/udp
sip-tls		5061/tcp
sip-tls		5061/udp
xmpp-client	5222/tcp	jabber-client			# Jabber Client Connection
xmpp-client	5222/udp	jabber-client
xmpp-server	5269/tcp	jabber-server			# Jabber Server Connection
xmpp-server	5269/udp	jabber-server
cfengine	5308/tcp
cfengine	5308/udp
postgresql	5432/tcp	postgres			# PostgreSQL Database
postgresql	5432/udp	postgres
x11		6000/tcp	x11-0				# X Window System
x11		6000/udp	x11-0
x11-1		6001/tcp
x11-1		6001/udp
x11-2		6002/tcp
x11-2		6002/udp
x11-3		6003/tcp
x11-3		6003/udp
x11-4		6004/tcp
x11-4		6004/udp
x11-5		6005/tcp
x11-5		6005/udp
x11-6		6006/tcp
x11-6		6006/udp
x11-7		6007/tcp
x11-7		6007/udp
gnutella-svc	6346/tcp					# gnutella
gnutella-svc	6346/udp
gnutella-rtr	6347/tcp					# gnutella
gnutella-rtr	6347/udp
afs3-fileserver 7000/tcp	bbs				# file server itself
afs3-fileserver 7000/udp	bbs
afs3-callback	7001/tcp					# callbacks to cache managers
afs3-callback	7001/udp
afs3-prserver	7002/tcp					# users & groups database
afs3-prserver	7002/udp
afs3-vlserver	7003/tcp					# volume location database
afs3-vlserver	7003/udp
afs3-kaserver	7004/tcp					# AFS/Kerberos authentication
afs3-kaserver	7004/udp
afs3-volser	7005/tcp					# volume managment server
afs3-volser	7005/udp
afs3-errors	7006/tcp					# error interpretation service
afs3-errors	7006/udp
afs3-bos	7007/tcp					# basic overseer process
afs3-bos	7007/udp
afs3-update	7008/tcp					# server-to-server updater
afs3-update	7008/udp
afs3-rmtsys	7009/tcp					# remote cache manager service
afs3-rmtsys	7009/udp
font-service	7100/tcp	xfs				# X Font Service
font-service	7100/udp	xfs
bacula-dir	9101/tcp					# Bacula Director
bacula-dir	9101/udp
bacula-fd	9102/tcp					# Bacula File Daemon
bacula-fd	9102/udp
bacula-sd	9103/tcp					# Bacula Storage Daemon
bacula-sd	9103/udp
amanda		10080/tcp					# amanda backup services
amanda		10080/udp
hkp		11371/tcp					# OpenPGP HTTP Keyserver
hkp		11371/udp					# OpenPGP HTTP Keyserver
bprd            13720/tcp					# VERITAS NetBackup
bprd            13720/udp
bpdbm           13721/tcp					# VERITAS NetBackup
bpdbm           13721/udp
bpjava-msvc     13722/tcp					# BP Java MSVC Protocol
bpjava-msvc     13722/udp
vnetd           13724/tcp					# Veritas Network Utility
vnetd           13724/udp
bpcd            13782/tcp					# VERITAS NetBackup
bpcd            13782/udp
vopied          13783/tcp					# VERITAS NetBackup
vopied          13783/udp
wnn6		22273/tcp					# wnn6
wnn6		22273/udp

Datagram Delivery Protocol services[Bearbeiten]

rtmp		1/ddp					     # Routing Table Maintenance Protocol
nbp		2/ddp						# Name Binding Protocol
echo		4/ddp						# AppleTalk Echo Protocol
zip		6/ddp						# Zone Information Protocol

The remaining port numbers are not as allocated by IANA.[Bearbeiten]

# Kerberos (Project Athena/MIT) services
# Note that these are for Kerberos v4, and are unofficial.  Sites running
# v4 should uncomment these and comment out the v5 entries above.

kerberos4	750/udp		kerberos-iv kdc			# Kerberos (server)
kerberos4	750/tcp		kerberos-iv kdc
kerberos_master	751/udp						# Kerberos authentication
kerberos_master	751/tcp	
passwd_server	752/udp						# Kerberos passwd server
krb_prop	754/tcp		krb5_prop hprop			# Kerberos slave propagation
krbupdate	760/tcp		kreg				# Kerberos registration
kpasswd		761/tcp		kpwd				# Kerberos "passwd"
swat		901/tcp						# swat
kpop		1109/tcp					# Pop with Kerberos
knetd		2053/tcp					# Kerberos de-multiplexor
zephyr-srv	2102/udp					# Zephyr server
zephyr-clt	2103/udp					# Zephyr serv-hm connection
zephyr-hm	2104/udp					# Zephyr hostmanager
eklogin		2105/tcp					# Kerberos encrypted rlogin
# Hmmm. Are we using Kv4 or Kv5 now? Worrying.
# The following is probably Kerberos v5  --- ajt@debian.org (11/02/2000)
kx		2111/tcp					# X over Kerberos
iprop		2121/tcp					# incremental propagation

Unofficial but necessary (for NetBSD) services[Bearbeiten]

supfilesrv	871/tcp					     	     # SUP server
supfiledbg	1127/tcp					# SUP debugging

Services added for the Debian GNU/Linux distribution[Bearbeiten]

linuxconf	98/tcp						     # LinuxConf
poppassd	106/tcp						# Eudora
poppassd	106/udp
ssmtp		465/tcp		smtps				# SMTP over SSL
moira_db	775/tcp						# Moira database
moira_update	777/tcp						# Moira update protocol
moira_ureg	779/udp						# Moira user registration
spamd		783/tcp						# spamassassin daemon
omirr		808/tcp		omirrd				# online mirror
omirr		808/udp		omirrd
customs		1001/tcp					# pmake customs server
customs		1001/udp
skkserv		1178/tcp					# skk jisho server port
predict		1210/udp					# predict -- satellite tracking
rmtcfg		1236/tcp					# Gracilis Packeten remote config server
wipld		1300/tcp					# Wipl network monitor
xtel		1313/tcp					# french minitel
xtelw		1314/tcp					# french minitel
support		1529/tcp					# GNATS
sieve		2000/tcp					# Sieve mail filter daemon
cfinger		2003/tcp					# GNU Finger
ndtp		2010/tcp					# Network dictionary transfer protocol
frox		2121/tcp					# frox: caching ftp proxy
ninstall	2150/tcp					# ninstall service
ninstall	2150/udp
zebrasrv	2600/tcp					# zebra service
zebra		2601/tcp					# zebra vty
ripd		2602/tcp					# ripd vty (zebra)
ripngd		2603/tcp					# ripngd vty (zebra)
ospfd		2604/tcp					# ospfd vty (zebra)
bgpd		2605/tcp					# bgpd vty (zebra)
ospf6d		2606/tcp					# ospf6d vty (zebra)
ospfapi		2607/tcp					# OSPF-API
isisd		2608/tcp					# ISISd vty (zebra)
afbackup	2988/tcp					# Afbackup system
afbackup	2988/udp
afmbackup	2989/tcp					# Afmbackup system
afmbackup	2989/udp
xtell		4224/tcp					# xtell server
fax		4557/tcp					# FAX transmission service (old)
hylafax		4559/tcp					# HylaFAX client-server protocol (new)
distmp3		4600/tcp					# distmp3host daemon
munin		4949/tcp	lrrd				# Munin
enbd-cstatd	5051/tcp					# ENBD client statd
enbd-sstatd	5052/tcp					# ENBD server statd
pcrd		5151/tcp					# PCR-1000 Daemon
noclog		5354/tcp					# noclogd with TCP (nocol)
noclog		5354/udp					# noclogd with UDP (nocol)
hostmon		5355/tcp					# hostmon uses TCP (nocol)
hostmon		5355/udp					# hostmon uses UDP (nocol)
rplay		5555/udp					# RPlay audio service
rplay		5555/tcp
rptp		5556/udp					# Remote Play Transfer Protocol
rptp		5556/tcp
nsca		5667/tcp					# Nagios Agent - NSCA
mrtd		5674/tcp					# MRT Routing Daemon
bgpsim		5675/tcp					# MRT Routing Simulator
canna		5680/tcp					# cannaserver
sane-port	6566/tcp	sane saned			# SANE network scanner daemon
ircd		6667/tcp					# Internet Relay Chat
zope-ftp	8021/tcp					# zope management by ftp
webcache	8080/tcp					# WWW caching service
tproxy		8081/tcp					# Transparent Proxy
omniorb		8088/tcp					# OmniORB
omniorb		8088/udp
clc-build-daemon 8990/tcp					# Common lisp build daemon
xinetd		9098/tcp
mandelspawn	9359/udp	mandelbrot			# network mandelbrot
zope		9673/tcp					# zope server
kamanda		10081/tcp					# amanda backup services (Kerberos)
kamanda		10081/udp
amandaidx	10082/tcp					# amanda backup services
amidxtape	10083/tcp					# amanda backup services
smsqp		11201/tcp					# Alamin SMS gateway
smsqp		11201/udp
xpilot		15345/tcp					# XPilot Contact Port
xpilot		15345/udp
sgi-cmsd	17001/udp					# Cluster membership services daemon
sgi-crsd	17002/udp
sgi-gcd		17003/udp					# SGI Group membership daemon
sgi-cad		17004/tcp					# Cluster Admin daemon
isdnlog		20011/tcp					# isdn logging system
isdnlog		20011/udp
vboxd		20012/tcp					# voice box system
vboxd		20012/udp
binkp		24554/tcp					# binkp fidonet protocol
asp		27374/tcp					# Address Search Protocol
asp		27374/udp
dircproxy	57000/tcp					# Detachable IRC Proxy
tfido		60177/tcp					# fidonet EMSI over telnet
fido		60179/tcp					# fidonet EMSI over TCP

Cyrus IMAPd missing stuff[Bearbeiten]

lmtp		24/tcp		lmtp			     # LMTP Mail Delivery over TCP (local mail transfer protocol)
acap		674/tcp		acap				# ACAP, application configuration access protocol
acap		674/udp		acap
fud		4201/udp	fud				# FUD, cyrus imap finger-like service

Linux-Systeme services[Bearbeiten]

admin		1902/tcp	alice e-walker		     # Linux-Systeme: Admin (Alice, E-Walker)
stats		1903/tcp	statistics stats		# Linux-Systeme: Statistics